lose vt. 失去;丢失
tour vt. 巡回演出
influence vt. 影响
record vt. 录音
mix vt. 使混合
audience n. 听众
choir n. （教堂里的）唱诗班;合唱队
conductor n. 指挥
jazz n. 爵士乐
musician n. 音乐家
court n. 宫廷
director n. 指挥
symphony n. 交响乐;交响曲;交响乐团
talent n. 天分;天赋;才华
album n. 专辑
band n. 乐队
musical adj. 音乐的
complex adj. 复杂的
be impressed with 留下深刻印象
split up 分开
make a note of 记录
change... into... 改变……为……
in history 在历史上
no way 决不
from that time 从那时候起
attend vt. & vi. 参加
harpsichord n. 拨弦键琴
empress n. 女皇;皇后
Vienna n. 维也纳（奥地利首都）
conservatory n. 温室;暖房;音乐学院
extract n. 摘录;浓缩物
tense n. 时态
sequence n. 顺序;结果
aspect n. 方面
discman n. 随身听CD机
walkman n. 随身听录音机
eclipse n. 日食;月食
prize n. 奖赏
biography n. 传记
biographical adj. 传记的
folk adj. 民间的
dreadful adj. 可怕的
1﹒时间状语从句（Adverbial Clause of Time）
时间状语从句通常由连词when，while，as，since，till/until，as soon as 等词引导。例如：
I was watching TV when he came in.
2﹒过去完成时（The Past Perfect Tense）
過去完成时表示过去某一时间或动作之前已经发生或完成的动作，或在过去某一时间之前已经开始并一直持续到那时的动作或状态。常与by，for，before，since等介词短语或由after，before，since，when，by the time等引导的时间状语从句连用。例如：
By the end of last year， we had learned seven hundred English words.
1. audience n.（戏剧、音乐会或演讲等的）观众;
The audience was （were） clapping for 10 minutes.
An audience of millions watched the wedding on TV.
2. lose vt. 失去;丢失;失败
The tickets seemed to have lost.
I often lose money because of my carelessness.
lose sth （to sb） 被夺去;被打败
The company has lost a lot of business to its competitors.
We lost to a stronger team.
lose oneself in 沉迷于;专心致志于
lose sight of 看不见 lose control of 控制不住
lose weight 減肥 lose ones heart to 爱上某人
lose track of 和……失去联系;不知……的情况、下落
lose contact/touch with 和……失去联系
lose ones tongue 不知说什么好;紧张得说不出话
be lost in 迷失在……之中;陷入;被……所吸引
3. influence vt. 影响
Dont let me influence your decision.
Those friends are a bad influence on her.
What exactly is the influence of television on children？
（1）influence on/upon sb/sth 对……有影响、作用
Listening to the music has a calming influence on her.
（2）influence over sb/sth 对……的支配力、控制力
Her parents no longer have any real influence over her.
（3）be strongly/greatly/deeply influenced by sth/sb
受到某事（人）的强大 / 巨大 / 深刻的影响
He was deeply influenced by his English teacher.
have a（n）... influence on... 对……有……影响
under the influence of 在……的影响下
三者的关系大致为：affect sb/sth= have an effect/influence on sb/sth。
Its clear that her painting has been influenced by her mother.
The news did not affect the school at all.
=The news had no effect on the school at all.
He effected great changes in the company.
4. record vt. 记录;记载;录（音、像）
Her diary records all the happenings of her days.
Did you remember to record Friends for me？
This is not a live match， but a recorded one.
You should keep a record of your expenses.
He had an impressive record of achievement.
keep a record （records） of 把……记（录）下来
on record 有记录的
hold/keep a record 保持纪录
break the record 打破纪录
set a new record 刷新纪录
5. mix vt. & vi. 使混合
Mix them together so that you can have a sticky paste.
Oil and water do not mix.
mix up 弄错;弄乱
mix sb/sth up （with sb /sth） 弄错;误认为……是
be/get mixed up（指人）弄糊涂了
be/get mixed in sth 卷入;与某事有牵连
mix... in （with）... 掺入;和入
mix... into/to... 将……混合制成……
6. tour vt. 旅行;巡回演出
They are touring in Japan.
My tour lasted a whole year.
She is in the United States on a speaking tour.
At first I was afraid the long journey would be too much for a child.
It is a successful voyage to the ship.
I made a bus trip to the town last week.
I will tour the world in the future.
They came home after years of foreign travel.
7. be impressed with 留下深刻印象
I was very impressed with his performance.
8. split up 分裂;分割
The day was split up into 6 one-hour sessions.
Shes split up with her boyfriend.
split... into... 分开;使分开
She split the class into groups of four.
split sth between sb/sth;split sth with sb 分摊;分享
She split the money she won with her brother.
His time is split between the London and Paris offices.
9. make a note of 记录;记下来;注意;记住
Make a note of the address.
Make a note of how much money you spend on the trip.
Well make a note of your suggestions.
make notes 做笔记
take notes of 记下
As is true in all cultures， Americans first hear music in the context of family life. Much of that music comes from the records on the family radio or television， and this “canned” music is especially important in developing childrens musical taste. People often say they were very strongly influenced by the kind of music they heard before they were old enough to have their own records or choose the station on the family radio. There is usually some live music in the family as well.
Many mothers and grandmothers sing lullabies （催眠曲）， for example. These can be important since in America， as elsewhere， lullabies not only lull a baby to sleep but promise， praise and teach cultural values. Sometimes lullabies are the only songs in a foreign language that American children with strong ethnic （种族的） backgrounds hear， since people often fall back on old， familiar languages for intimate （亲密的） songs.
Another important family context is the automobile， where families learn songs and sing together on weekends and vacations. This is not as surprising as it appears， for the family car has become one of the basic centers of family experience， and it is one of the important places where the families gather for an extended period of time without outside disturbance. The family used to have to choose between making their own music in the car and being force fed by the radio， but the invention of automobile cassette recorders and eight-track playback machines allows a family to have more control over what they hear when they drive.
1. What does the underlined part “‘canned music” in the first paragraph refer to？
A. The music children hear in a car.
B. Recorded music instead of live music.
C. Modern music young people can enjoy.
D. The music passed down from older generations.
2. The music children first hear is important in ___ .
A. learning language
B. developing their mind
C. knowing about cultural values
D. shaping their likes and dislikes in music
3. According to the text， lullabies are usually sung in ___ .
A. American English B. a familiar language
C. an African language D. the parents native language
4. The invention of automobile cassette recorders allow a family ___ .
A. to spend a longer time on vacation in the car
B. to have more choices in the music they hear
C. to enjoy music without being disturbed
D. to have another place to get together
All of Americas popular music—jazz， country， rock and roll， and hip hop—develops from the Delta blues. Its words gave voice to the lives of workers in the fields of the Deep South， who were deeply affected by slavery （奴隸制度）. The blues may be concerned with sadness， but singing it is an act of defiance， not despair （绝望）. The blues reminds us of our weak points while encouraging us to see how far we can actually go.
We can still almost touch the origin （起源） of this art form. Looking back on the journey the blues took north up the Mississippi River—when African Americans left the South in search of new jobs—photographer Gail Mooney traveled from Chicago clubs down to the Delta to get the stories of blues men and blues women. They are still here today to attach us to the musics early days.
“In our conversations， we talked so much more about other things than their music，” says Mooney， whose exhibition on the blues has just begun a US tour this spring. “We talked about their childhoods， their cultural origin， and a time in America when people moved to live in large cities. I would listen， and sometimes I would get a feeling.”
These photos show some of the musicians who worked and studied with blues pioneers—drummer Sam Carr was the son of Robert Nighthawk， while Pinetop Perkins and Willie “Big Eyes” Smith played together with Muddy Waters.
Already， this generation is leaving us： Little Milton， guitarist and vocalist， and Robert “Junior” Lockwood （who learned from Robert Johnson， the greatest blues man of all） have passed away since Mooney began her project. However， they left many valuable things to us. Turn on your radio and some little piece of the Delta gets passed down again.
5. What can we learn about the blues from Paragraph 1？
A. It was created by workers.
B. It aims to express sad feelings.
C. It described the lives of workers.
D. It contains many kinds of music.
6. Why did Mooney travel from Chicago clubs down to the Delta？
A. To learn to play the blues.
B. To visit some old musicians.
C. To find the origin of the blues.
D. To learn about different cultures.
7. What can we learn from Mooneys words？
A. The blues is very popular.
B. The blues has a wonderful history.
C. Blues men and women like living in large cities.
D. Blues men and women like their lives more than music.
8. What can we learn about the blues pioneers from the text？
A. They enjoyed their childhoods.
B. They were good at telling stories.
C. They left us many valuable things.
D. They once left the South in search of jobs.
It is certainly true that all parents in the world love their children. However， parents show their love in different ways as their views of life are 1 . Generally speaking， parents can be divided into three types—the monarch （帝王） type， the servant type， and the friend type.
It is 2 for the monarch-type parents to get angry. And they are ready to order others and glad to be the center of everything. They insist that their children should 3 them without question. They give little 4 to others， of course， including their children. The 5 they most often say to their children are， “You should do this.”
Different from the monarch-type parents， the servant-type parents 6 around their children all the time， busy serving them. They are 7 ， gentle and easy-going. They never 8
any of their childrens requirements. They are 9 so long as their children are glad. With the 10 that love means sacrifice （犧牲）， they are ready to 11 up anything of their own for their childrens benefits. They always ask， “What else can we do for you？”
The friend-type parents respect and 12 their children as friends. They discuss the latest news with their children， 13
their childrens interests， and 14 their childrens expressions of feelings， whether it is anger， fear， joy or sadness. They discuss
15 with their children rather than 16 ready solutions. They often say， “Lets put our heads together and see what we can do.”
Most children 17 the third type of parents. And a free and friendly 18 atmosphere is suitable to the development of children both in body and in mind. The monarch-type parents and the servant-type parents should change their ways of 19 their love if they want their children to grow up 20
1. A. special B. strange C. different D. common
2. A. unusual B. easy C. bad D. difficult
3. A. follow B. like C. help D. praise
4. A. love B. support C. respect D. advice
5. A. lessons B. messages C. sentences D. words
6. A. travel B. live C. talk D. move
7. A. kind B. rude C. foolish D. excellent
8. A. accept B. allow C. refuse D. meet
9. A. excited B. happy C. relaxed D. funny
10. A. idea B. wish C. agreement D. decision
11. A. keep B. give C. use D. bring
12. A. teach B. raise C. punish D. treat
13. A. share B. correct C. stop D. bear
14. A. ask for B. turn to C. care for D. listen to
15. A. plans B. dangers C. problems D. hopes
16. A. find B. invent C. search D. provide
17. A. welcome B. thank C. have D. notice
18. A. rest B. family C. class D. learning
19. A. showing B. developing C. wasting D. valuing
20. A. successfully B. quietly C. healthily D. safely
Without proper planning， tourism can cause problems. For example， too many tourists can crowd public 1 （place） which are also enjoyed by the inhabitants （居民） of a country. If tourism create too much traffic， the inhabitants 2 （become） upset and unhappy. They begin 3 （dislike） tourists and to treat them impolitely. They forget how much tourism can help the countrys economy. 4 is important to think about the people of a destination country and 5 tourism affects them. Tourism should help 6 country keep the customs and beauty that 7 （attract） tourists. Tourism should also advance the wealth and 8 （happy） of local inhabitants.
Too much tourism can be a problem. If tourism grows too
9 （quick）， people must leave other jobs to work in the tourism industry. This means that other parts of the 10 （country） economy can suffer.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
Most students in America like popular music. Students carry small radios with earphones and listen to the music before class， after class， and at lunch. Students with cars buy large speakers and play the music loudly as they drive on the street.
Adult drivers listen to the music on the car radio as they drive to work. They also listen to the news about the sports， the weather and the life of American people. Most of the radio programs are music.
Popular music singers make much money. They make a CD or tape which radio stations use in many places. Once the popular singer is heard all over the country， young people will buy his or her tape. Some of the money from these tapes goes to the singer. Wherever the singer goes to， most of the young people want to meet him or her. Now the singer has become a national star.
There are other kinds of music that are important to Americans. One is called folk music which tells stories about the common life of Americans. Another is called western or country music. It was started by cowboys who would sing at night to the cows which they were watching. Today， any music about country life and the love between a country boy and his girl is called western or country music.
1. How many kinds of music are mentioned in the text？
A. Two. B. Three.
C. Four. D. Five.
2. How can popular music singers become national stars？
A. By making a CD or tape.
B. By earning a lot of money.
C. By going to other countries to perform.
D. By getting popular with the young people.
3. From the text， we learn nowadays country music is about
A. the life of cowboys
B. the country life and love
C. the school life in the country
D. the common life of Americans
4. What is the best title for the text？
A. Popular Music B. American Music
C. Classic Music D. Folk Music
In the US， tornadoes （龍卷风） are responsible for 80 deaths and more than 1，500 injuries each year. Although they happen quite frequently， tornadoes are difficult to predict. Why？ Tornadoes develop from storms， but only some storms are likely to become tornadoes. Scientists dont know where and when a storm will touch the ground and turn into a tornado. Today， the warning time for a tornado is usually just 13 minutes.
Time Samaras is a storm chaser. His job is to find tornadoes and follow them. When he gets close to a tornado， he puts a special tool called a turtle probe on the ground. This tool measures things like a tornados temperature， humidity （湿度）， and wind speed. With this information， Samaras can learn what causes tornadoes to develop. If meteorologists understand this， they can warn people about tornadoes sooner and save lives.
How does Samaras hunt tornadoes？ Its not easy. First， he has to find one. Tornadoes are too small to see using weather satellites. So Samaras cant rely on these tools to find a tornado. Instead， he waits for tornadoes to develop. Every May and June， Samaras drivers about 40，000 kilometers across an area known as Tornado Alley， looking and hoping to spot a tornado.
Once Samaras sees a tornado， the chase begins. But a tornado is hard to follow. Some tornadoes change direction several times—for example， moving east and then west and then east again. When Samaras finally gets near a tornado， he puts the turtle probe on the ground. Being this close to a tornado is terrifying. Debris is flying in the air. Then wind is blowing at high speed. He must get away quickly.
The work is risky， even for a skilled chaser like Samaras. But danger wont stop his hunt for the perfect storm.
5. What do we know about tornadoes from Paragraph 1？
A. They can be predicted by satellites.
B. They usually come down in winter.
C. They often develop into storms.
D. They can be warned in a very short time.
6. A turtle probe is used to ___ .
A. predict tornadoes
B. chase tornadoes
C. decrease the power of tornadoes
D. collect information about tornadoes
7. What is Paragraph 3 mainly about？
A. How tornadoes develop.
B. How the turtle probe works.
C. How Samaras chases a tornado.
D. How powerful Tornado Alley is.
8. How is the job of a tornado chaser according to the text？
A. Difficult and dangerous.
B. Stressful and troublesome.
C. Special and interesting.
D. Exciting and popular.
What can help us when we fail？
Failure is a part of life since our earliest moment of life.
1 But failure is a normal and natural part of life， which is neither bad nor good. However， what can help us when we fail？
Dont be afraid of failure.
2 If we never fail at something， we probably havent learned all that life has to teach us. So failure means taking something away from the experience.
Never stop trying.
Trying or learning something new is often half the battle.Dont give up trying. 3 But if you give up， your progress will come to an end.
Nobody can be our safety nets all the time in our lives—only we can act as our own safety nets. Become your own best friend， and do everything that you can possibly do for yourself.
Dont look back.
We spend too much of our lives looking back. 5
Spend just 10 percent more of your time looking forward to what life holds for you in the future. Im sure that youll find yourself in a better position.
A. Try to avoid failure.
B. Failure is how we learn.
C. Learn to depend on ourselves.
D. Theres nothing back there to see.
E. We often think of failure as something bad.
F. We are often unwilling to accept our failure.
G. You may get disappointed because of failure.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Long before， there was a father who had two sons. One day， he 1 to his sons， “My sons， I am about to 2 . But before I die I want to see you in your 3 homes. And Im giving you one month to 4 your own homes.”
So the two sons rushed out and the first one went to the roadside and began 5 trees and building himself a big house.
6 ， the second one went out and started 7 special relationships with other families. So he became like the adopted （被收養的） child of different 8 .
Then after a month， the two brothers 9 back to their father. The father went with the first son and saw that the son had built many huts （小屋）. And as he was 10 by each hut， he said， “Is there anybody in these huts？”
And the son said， “No.”
Then the father became very 11 because he had no one to serve food. So they went with the second son， who 12 them to the first family which adopted him. And he 13 them to his father saying， “These are my father and my brothers.”
And the father received them very 14 ， and gave them a big feast （盛宴）. Then they went on to the second family that
15 him， and were given another feast.
After 16 in the family they came back， and the father said， “This is what I 17 when I said you should make yourself a home. The 18 is not just a series of huts or a 19
and beautiful house. It is 20 and warmth and friendships with other people.”
1. A. added B. said C. referred D. pointed
2. A. fail B. die C. leave D. fall
3. A. beautiful B. given C. own D. messy
4. A. control B. move C. check D. build
5. A. cutting down B. looking at C. putting off D. taking up
6. A. Suddenly B. However C. Luckily D. Besides
7. A. sharing B. solving C. forming D. showing
8. A. couples B. rooms C. groups D. families
9. A. came B. gave C. headed D. turned
10. A. walking B. running C. rolling D. driving
11. A. amazed B. nervous C. hungry D. sleepy
12. A. presented B. sent C. drew D. took
13. A. announced B. introduced C. suggested D. explained
14. A. truly B. peacefully C. warmly D. honestly
15. A. fixed B. adopted C. admitted D. changed
16. A. eating B. washing C. resting D. visiting
17. A. taught B. finished C. promised D. meant
18. A. house B. home C. relationship D. life
19. A. modern B. simple C. big D. common
20. A. love B. degree C. success D. light
Todays trumpet （小号） is one of the worlds oldest instruments. It is really the result of many centuries of development. Although it looks nothing like its ancestors， there are many similarities. All trumpets are hollow tubes. They are all blown. And they all use the players lips to produce the basic sound.
The trumpet developed as players and makers worked to improve its design， size， shape， material， and method of construction. They wanted to create an instrument that would produce a beautiful and attractive tone， enable the performers to play all the notes of scale， extend the range （音域） higher and lower， make it possible to play more beautiful music， and in general， be easier to play well. The remarkable way in which the modern trumpet achieves these goals is a measure of the success of all those who struggled to perfect this glorious instrument.
The trumpet is actually the leading member of an entire family of related instruments. There are trumpets of several different sizes， and in several different keys. There are cornets， bugles， flugelhorns， and a number of others that are all similar to the trumpet in the way they are made and played.
The trumpet family is much that a group of related instruments that can stir one with their sound， or narrow tubes of metal capable of producing a variety of musical sounds. It is a link to many different periods of history and to people of many cultures. From the use of trumpets in ancient religious （宗教的） ceremonies to the part they play in modern rock bands， the trumpet family of instruments has much to tell about civilization and its development.
1. What is needed to make the trumpet work according to Paragraph 1？
A. Air pressure. B. Daily cleaning.
C. Keen eyesight. D. Longer fingers.
2. What does Paragraph 2 mainly tell us？
A. How people like trumpets.
B. Who improved trumpets.
C. What makes trumpets wonderful.
D. Why trumpets were able to become perfect.
3. Why does the author believe that the trumpet is particularly important？
A. It can be used in rock bands.
B. It has historical significance.
C. It is a religious instrument.
D. It has a wide range.
4. What is the best title for the text？
A. Science and the Trumpet
B. How the Trumpet Is Made
C. Recordings of the Trumpet
D. The Trumpet and Its Development
As we all know， sports are very common in our daily life. People who usually take part in sports can be found everywhere. Why so many people love sports？ 1
Generally speaking， it is good for our health to do sports， such as basketball， football， table tennis， swimming， badminton， and so on. 2 I have taken the swimming course this term， since I didnt know how to swim. I find that swimming is very interesting and has many benefits for our body. On the one hand， it can make our circulatory system run regularly. On the other hand， the muscles of our body can be massaged （按摩） under the pressure of water. All these are good to our health.
3 It is known to us that some sports are team sports that include several players or even more. When playing with others， people must face the situation of getting along with others. Through the sports games， strangers may get along with others and make friends with each other. 4 If you dont know what to do， doing exercise may be a good idea because you can share the time and the fun with your friends.
5 Yes， thats right. But there are more advantages of sports than its disadvantages. We should follow the lead of sports athletes， as sports plays an important role in our life. Plenty of physical exercise will help you keep fit.
A. I think I love the sports deeply.
B. There are many reasons for this.
C. Just take swimming for example.
D. Sports make you in a perfect shape.
E. Besides， sports are also a way of communication.
F. Some people say it is easy to be hurt while doing sports.
G. Whats more， they can get satisfaction from the competitive
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
music mix lose impress talent complex
reduce conductor director audience instrument recognise
1. He is so careless. He ____ his bag again.
2. The ____ comedy was praised by lots of artists.
3. A famous concert will always attract a large number of ____ .
4. We all believe he can deal with the ____ situation well.
5. A pen is a（n） ____ used for writing with ink.
6. The first lady ____ me by her voice， look， and hair.
7. As we all know， a（n） ____ can be the most important role of a performance.
8. After that she put the butter and sugar into a bowl and ____ them up.
9. She has a（n） ____ for music and she wants to go to a music college in the future.
10. Its well known that Feng Xiaogang is one of Chinese greatest ____ .
1. 当小女孩亲吻这只青蛙时，它立刻变成了王子。（change into）
2. 当你听到谈话时，应该把说话者说的内容记录下来。（make a note of）
3. 所有的观众都对你们今晚的表演印象深刻。（be impressed with）
4. 牛津大学是世界公认的最好的大学之一。（be known as）
5. 我们队被分散在这个省不同的地区工作。（split up）
Once a man asked a painter to painting a picture for him. He told the artist he didnt want any shadows in the picture， just sunshine， but the artist did so. When the man saw the finishing picture， he was disappointed. Without shadows， everything in the picture looks flat and unreal. The point of the story is that we need both shadows and sunshine to have a completely picture， just as we need both rain and sun to have living world. People， too， needs both sadness and happiness. We often learn important lesson during sad times. So when we will feel sad， we should try to stop and think about that we might learn from the experience.
音乐在我们的日常生活中扮演着很重要的角色。请以“The Role of Music”為题，写一篇短文，谈谈音乐的好处。内容包括：