Music Hobbies of American People 美国人的音乐爱好

2019-11-07 02:23:12 时代英语·高一 2019年6期

James Fenimore Cooper, an early American writer, once said, “The Americans are almost ignorant of the art of music.” If that was once true, you would never know it today. Most Americans—even those without a musical bone in their bodies—have a favorite style of music. Many people enjoy classical and folk music from around the world. But other popular music styles in America were “made in the USA”.

一位早期的美國作家詹姆斯·费尼莫尔·库珀曾说:“美国人对音乐艺术几乎可以说是相当的无知。”如果这话曾经是事实,今日你绝不会这么认为了。大部分的美国人甚至包括那些没有音乐细胞的人,都有自己喜爱的音乐类型。许多人喜欢世界各国的古典音乐和民俗音乐,然而美国其他的流行音乐则是“美国制造”的。

Country and western music lies close to the heart of many Americans. This style originated among country folks in the southern and western United States. Country music tells down-to-earth stories about love and lifes hardships. Guitars, banjos and violins (also known as fiddles) give country music its characteristic sound. The home of country music is Nashville, Tennessee—Music City USA. Country music even has its own theme park called “Opryland” where you can enjoy music shows and fun rides. “The Grand Ole Opry”, the oldest radio show in the United States, broadcasts country music live from Opryland every weekend.

乡村和西部音乐深受很多美国人的喜欢。这种类型的音乐起源于美国南部和西部的乡村民众。乡村音乐传述着真实不加渲染的爱情故事和生活中的艰难。吉他、五弦琴和小提琴(又名fiddle)可弹奏出乡村音乐的特殊音色。乡村音乐的发源地是田纳西州的纳什维尔市——美国的音乐城市。乡村音乐甚至还有它自己的主题乐园——奥普赖乐园呢!在那儿你可以享受音乐表演以及好玩的游乐设施。美国最老牌的广播节目《乡村大剧院》每个周末都会实况播放奥普赖乐园的音乐。

Jazz music, developed by African-Americans in the late 1800s, allows performers to freely express their emotions and musical skill. Instead of just playing the melody, jazz musicians improvise different tunes using the same chords. The peak of jazz music came in the 1920s, known as “The Jazz Era.” This period produced musicians like Louis Armstrong, Benny Goodman and Duke Ellington. These musicians later created the “big band” sounds of the 1930s. Different styles of jazz developed in different cities, such as New Orleans, Chicago, New York and Kansas City. Composer George Gershwin brought jazz into the world of classical music with pieces like “Rhapsody in Blue”.

爵士乐是19世纪末期由非洲裔的美国人发展出来的。它让表演者自由地表现他们的情感和音乐技巧。爵士音乐大师不仅演奏旋律,还用同样的和弦即兴演奏出不同的曲调。爵士乐的巅峰期出现于20世纪20年代,该时期被称为“爵士时代”。这个时期诞生的乐手有路易斯·阿姆斯特朗、班尼·古德曼和艾灵顿公爵。这些乐手稍后都创造了20世纪30年代的“大乐团”之音。不同的城市也孕育出不同的爵士风格,比如新奥尔良、芝加哥、纽约和堪萨斯城。作曲家乔治·格什温更以像《蓝色狂想曲》这样的作品,将爵士乐带入古典音乐的世界。