paint vt. 繪画
observe vt. 观察;注意到
adopt vt. 采纳;采用
aim vi. 以……为目标;打算;意欲
stand vt. 忍受
realise vt. 领悟;了解;实现;实行
destroy vt. 破坏;毁坏
like n. 爱好;嗜好
dislike n. 憎恶;不喜欢
artist n. 艺术家
painter n. 画家
painting n. 绘画;油画
scene n. 景色;风景
aspect n. 方面
reality n. 真实;现实;逼真
style n. 风格
exhibition n. 展览
expression n. 表现;表达
traditional adj. 传统的;习俗的
unusual adj. 不寻常的;非凡的
match... with... 使……与……相配
aim to do sth 以做……为目标;打算做某事
tell by 从……可以看出
be/get tired of 对……厌烦
be crazy about 狂热于
be fond of 喜欢
take turns 轮流
put off 推迟
attempt to do sth 企图;试图;尝试做某事
a series of 一连串的;一系列的
brush n. 刷子;毛刷;画笔
movement n. 运动
hobby n. 爱好
cubism n. 立体主义;立体派
object n. 物体;物品;东西
separate adj. 单独的;独立的;分开的
cubist n. 立体派
stupid adj. 愚蠢的
extraordinary adj. 异常的;离奇的
grey adj. 灰色的;灰白的
colourful adj. 彩色的
realistic adj. 现实主义的;写实主义的
The teacher suggested doing the experiment in another way.
We agreed to meet here but so far she hasnt turned up yet.
1. realise vt. 领悟;了解;实现;实行
He didnt realise his mistakes.
I realised my dream finally.
reality n. 现实;实际
realizable adj. 可实现的;可实行的
realistic adj. 现实的;实际的;实事求是的
2. destroy vt. 破坏;毁坏
The building was destroyed by the fire.
The accident destroyed my hope of happiness.
3. aim vi. 以……为目标;打算;瞄准;对准
He aims to become a football player.
The factory must aim at increasing production.
（1）aim to do sth 力求达到;以做……为目标
They are aiming to reduce the cost by 50%.
（2）aim at doing sth （aim for sth） 希望达到……目标
They are aiming at collecting some stamps on the exhibition.
We are aiming for the best results.
（3）aim at 瞄准;对准
He aimed his gun at her head.
（4）be aimed at 目标是;目的是
The visit is aimed at expanding relations between the two countries.
4. scene n. 景色;风景
The sunrise is a beautiful scene.
The beauty of the scene filled us with great pleasure.
We passed through lots of beautiful scenery on our journey through the Lake District.
5. expression n. 表现;表达
I sent my teacher some flowers as an expression of thanks.
The scenery is beautiful beyond expression.
beyond expression 难以形容
freedom of expression 言论自由
give expression to 表达出……
6. alive adj. 有活力的;有生气的;活着;在世
Tommy is alive with happiness.
Although he is eighty， he is still very alive.
Is your mother alive？
My grandfather is more alive than a lot of young people.
bring... alive 使……有趣
come alive 引起兴趣;生动起来
7. stand vt. 忍受（尤其用于否定句、疑问句）
I cant stand his brother.
She couldnt stand being kept waiting.
8. adopt vt. 采纳;采用;正式通过（建议、政策等）
All three teams adopted different approaches to the problem.
The council is expected to adopt the new policy at its next meeting.
9. imitate vt. 临摹;仿造;模仿（某人的讲话、举
His handwriting is difficult to imitate.
People imitate diamonds with crystal.
Jane imitates the cuckoo.
He can imitate his teacher perfectly.
You should imitate great and kind people.
10. observe vt. 观察;注意到（不用于进行时）
He observed a stranger hanging around the store.
They observed that it was getting dark.
The farmer observed what was going on between them.
You think badly of her， I observe.
He observed keenly but said little.
11. aspect n. 方面
The book aims to cover all aspects of city life.
She felt she had looked at the problem from every aspect.
12. like n. 爱好;嗜好
dislike n. 憎恶;不喜欢
We all have different likes and dislikes.
He did not try to hide his like （dislike） of his boss.
13. be/get tired of 对……厌烦
—Why did you close the door？
—Im tired of listening to the baby crying.
Kate told me she was tired of running errands for her sister.
注意：be tired of和be tired with两个短语结构相近，但意思不同。be tired of 表示“对……厌倦”;be tired with表示“因……疲劳”。
14. put off 推迟;延期
Dont put off till tomorrow what can be done today.
Wed better put off the meeting till Friday.
15. at ones best 处在最佳状态
Beijing is at its best in late spring and autumn.
Jack told me that he didnt really feel at his best yesterday.
16. be fond of 喜欢;喜爱
（1）be fond of sb 喜爱（尤指认识已久的人）
Over the years， I have been quite fond of her.
（2）be fond of sth/doing sth 喜爱（尤指长期喜爱的事物或做的事）
We were fond of the house and didnt want to leave.
17. tell by 从……可以看出
You can tell by the color of the meat.
—How can you tell？
—Just by listening to what people say.
tell... from... 把……与……区分开来
tell off 责备;斥责 tell apart 把……区分开
tell against 对……不利 tell of 提及;描述
18. take turns 轮流
take turns in sth/to do sth 依次、轮流做某事
The male and female birds take turns in sitting on the eggs.
in turn 依次;轮流;逐个;转而
The children called out their names in turn.
by turns 轮流地;依次
The book is， by turns， funny and very sad.
19. a series of 一系列的
He attended a series of important meetings.
He did a series of experiments.
The Internet plays a big part in human life. We use it for work and pleasure. We use it to learn a new language. We find advice on it. We use it to connect with family and friends. We use it to stay in touch with events we care about. The list goes on and on.
As far as the Internet being a part of our lives—Well， that train has left the station. There is no going back to an Internet-free life. But can using the Internet too much be bad for our health？ It might be， say researchers. A new study finds that heavy Internet use may be connected to high blood pressure in a young group： teenagers.
The study results show that teens who spend at least 14 hours a week only may cause high blood pressure， which makes your heart and blood vessels （血管） work too hard. Over time， this extra pressure increases your risk of a heart attack. High blood pressure can also cause heart and other diseases （疾病）.
The Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit， Michigan did the study. 335 young people， from 14 to 17 years old， took part in it. 134 of the teens were described as “heavy Internet users”. And researchers found that out of these 134 teens， 26 had high blood pressure. The researchers say the study is the first to connect heavy web use with high blood pressure.
The lead researcher is Andrea Cassidy-Bushrow. She said， “Using the Internet is part of our daily life， but it shouldnt ruin us.” Ms Cassidy-Bushrow adds that it is important for teens to take regular breaks from their computers or smartphones and do some kind of physical activity. She also suggests that parents shouldnt let their children use the Internet for more than two hours a day， five days a week.
1. What does the underlined part in Paragraph 2 mean？
A. The train has changed its direction.
B. There is something wrong with the Internet.
C. We have set out to have an Internet-free life.
D. Life without the Internet is nowhere to be found.
2. What is Paragraph 3 mainly about？
A. Diseases caused by Internet use.
B. The disadvantages of Internet use.
C. The harm of high blood pressure.
D. Ways to prevent high blood pressure.
3. Which would Andrea Cassidy-Bushrow agree？
A. Teenagers had better use the Internet in free time.
B. The Internet will ruin human life in the future.
C. Smartphones are more harmful than computers.
D. Regular breaks are necessary when using the Internet.
4. Whats the main idea of the text？
A. Heavy Internet users are mostly teenagers.
B. Its good to prevent teenagers from the Internet.
C. Every coin has two sides—so does the Internet.
D. Too much Internet use may be bad for teenagers.
France has been one of the main pioneers of many forms of artistic expression throughout its history. France and art are strongly connected with each other， and it would not be possible to think of world art without thinking of France.
The importance of art in France can be easily seen by the great number of museums and art exhibitions throughout the country. They include the Musée du Louvre， which is one of the great museums of the world. There is also the Musée du Moyen Age in this list， which exhibits medieval art works， and the Centre Pompidou， exhibiting art from the twentieth century. Among other important museums and exhibitions are the Musée dOrsay， where visitors can observe a collection of French art from the century， and the Musée Picasso， which exhibits amazing art works from this outstanding artist. The Musée Rodin is another great place to visit in order to enjoy French art and to observe some amazing sculptures from this artist.
The relation between France and art can be traced back to as long ago as the Stone Age. Many art works dating from this period have been found in France and provide unique information about the culture and art of the world. In France， each different period of time was strongly connected with art and had its own art expression forms and characteristics， and they were closely connected with French history and culture.
5. What can we learn about France from Paragraph 1？
A. It has the greatest museum of the world.
B. Its art plays an important role in world art.
C. It has the largest number of famous artists.
D. Its art makes it the most famous around the world.
6. How many museums are mentioned in the text？
A. Four. B. Five.
C. Six. D. Seven.
7. Where should you go to observe some amazing sculptures？
A. The Musée dOrsay. B. The Musée du Moyen Age.
C. The Centre Pompidou. D. The Musée Rodin.
8. What can be inferred from the last paragraph？
A. French art is the beginning of the world art.
B. France has the longest art history of the world.
C. Art works from the Stone Age are the most valuable.
D. In France different periods of time have different styles of art.
Life will be peaceful if you always do kind things. I teach my daughters to develop a habit of others. The little acts of give you opportunities to provide service for others. They can make you remember how it is to be kind and helpful.
We in a rural （乡村的） area. Most of what we is beautiful nature. One of the exceptions to the is the rubbish that some people throw out of their car windows as they drive along the rural roads. One of the few of living there is the lack （缺少） of public services， such as rubbish collection， which is common in the .
A helping behavior that I practise regularly with my daughters is picking up rubbish in our neighborhood. My daughters often have a to see who can collect the most rubbish. They will often say to me in a（n） voice， “Theres some rubbish， Daddy— the car！” And if we have time， we will often get out of our car and pick it up. Although it may seem ， we do it. In fact， we it. We pick up rubbish in parks， on sidewalks， almost anywhere.
One day I saw a stranger picking up rubbish on the road. I stopped. He his head and smiled， “I saw you doing this with your family. Its a good to protect our environment.”
There are many other ways to kindness for others. You may share a dinner with a beggar， visit old people in the nursing home， or help the blind the street. You can think of something that can be finished but helpful. It is fun， self-satisfying， and whats more， it can set a good example. Helping others is helping yourself.
1. A. watching B. welcoming C. helping D. teaching
2. A. kindness B. happiness C. carefulness D. silliness
3. A. wise B. common C. difficult D. great
4. A. work B. live C. travel D. stay
5. A. see B. dream C. need D. develop
6. A. nature B. beauty C. area D. weather
7. A. favorites B. disadvantages C. wishes D. answers
8. A. comfortable B. modern C. necessary D. excellent
9. A. city B. village C. square D. street
10. A. rest B. competition C. look D. decision
11. A. surprised B. tired C. excited D. angry
12. A. speed B. push C. move D. stop
13. A. strange B. interesting C. satisfying D. correct
14. A. enjoy B. experience C. understand D. forget
15. A. covered B. hid C. shook D. raised
16. A. sport B. idea C. result D. instruction
17. A. provide B. buy C. describe D. make
18. A. sad B. abnormal C. unhealthy D. lonely
19. A. clean B. cross C. design D. draw
20. A. suddenly B. impossibly C. easily D. hardly
If knowledge is power and your mind is the container of this knowledge， then the more you improve your memory， the more knowledge your mind will contain， and the more power you will have. （practice） a particular bedtime memory building exercise every night （work） wonders in helping build up your memory capacity. Heres the memory building exercise.
Every night， when youre lying in bed ready to fall asleep， review you did during the day in as much detail as you can. Try （recall） each step you took in sequence from （begin） to end， as if you were watching a video of your day.
The first few times you do this， you may be surprised at few details you can remember. Youll likely jump （quick） through your recollections of the day， going from one major event to the next recalling any of the details.
But after just a few short weeks of doing this exercise， youll notice an （improve） in your memory. Youll gradually get better and better at remembering the details of your day. So give this bedtime memory building exercise try. Its simple， but can really help build up your memory capacity.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
The Valley Art Center encourages art appreciation in people of all ages and backgrounds through education， inspiration and opportunities to experience the arts.
Concept Based Oil Painting
The course will conclude with a group discussion of the students works. IMPORTANT： Students will be responsible for bringing all necessary materials. Guidance will be offered on color， tools and techniques， but the emphasis （重点） will be on thinking creatively. Supply list available online. And dont forget your lunch. $192/$173
Digital Photography for the Fraidy Cat
Learn the basic of digital photography. We will start with understanding what those symbols on your camera mean. You will also learn when to use a flash. In this class you will practice what you have learned using your camera！ $96/$86
Drawing for the Fraidy Cat
Everyone can draw！ If you have ever wanted to learn how to draw or just want to refresh yourself in drawing skills then this is the class for you. Students will work on many of projects with different drawing materials to develop their own personal style. A list of suggested supplies is available online. $96/$86
Enamel on Metal
In this art form， drawing skills are not required for this colorful and expressive craft （技艺）. Beginning students learn several basic classical techniques and those with experience are guided in limoge， cloisonne， champlevee or other techniques of choice. All equipment and supplies are included in first project fee of $8， payable to instructor at first class. $96/$86
1. What does the course Concept Based Oil Painting emphasize？
A. The skills of painting.
B. The discussions of art works.
C. The guidance of basic painting.
D. The creative thinking of students.
2. What will you do if you go to Digital Photography for the Fraidy Cat？
A. Learn how to repair a camera.
B. Explore how to develop the film.
C. Visit some landscape and portraits.
D. Get to know the symbols on your camera.
3. Which will prepare necessary materials for learners？
A. Enamel on Metal.
B. Drawing for the Fraidy Cat.
d. see the shapes and colors that express his experiences
A. a， b， d B. a， c， d
C. b， c， d D. a， b， c
8. The author says that contemporary art contains ___ .
A. meanings of teaching the artists
B. nothing but interesting patterns
C. interesting aspects out of nature
D. subjects chosen partly for their meaning
Nowadays， many people do not read for pleasure. The Internet and television have become most peoples main form of entertainment， and reading is becoming a thing of the past.
1 And there are ways to make it even more enjoyable， whether you do it frequently or just for assignments.
Identify what kind of reading you want to enjoy.
Believe it or not， people enjoy different kinds of reading. Some people do research， some people read to learn how to do things， and some people read in order to enjoy stories or poetry.
Realize that there are countless types of reading materials.
For example， if you want to read stories， keep in mind that there are many types， like romantic novels， creative non-fiction， etc. Dont decide you dont like reading just because you dont like one particular kind of books. 3 But in the end， youll slowly develop an interest in reading.
Try listening to music.
4 Soft music is generally received better， but any type will do. It depends on what you like.
Find a place that is quiet， well-lit， and comfortable. You can even make a reading comer in your room.
A. Create a good reading environment.
B. Concentrate on what youre reading.
C. Remember， you will have repeated trying.
D. Therefore， watching TV plays an important role.
E. For some people， this makes reading more pleasant.
F. Before anything else， figure out why you want to read.
G. However， reading can greatly increase your life experience.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
My sister and I were flying from our home in Kansas to a summer camp in Minnesota. Our plane had a two-hour 1 at the airport in Omaha， where I saw a toy airplane that I really 2 .
I had $10 and I had no idea what I needed to 3 at camp， but I spent $8 on the airplane anyway.
When we reached the camp， I discovered that there were no showers！ 4 ， we bathed in a lake every night. I needed to buy 5 soap. Because the regular soap I brought had chemicals that could 6 the fish. The special soap cost $4 at the camp store. After 7 the plane， I had $2 left， so I couldnt buy the soap.
After a few days， I was a mess. Sally， our camp teacher， asked me if I needed some soap. When I 8 her that I had spent my soap money on a toy airplane， she laughed and said， “You need to budget.” She then 9 that a budget was a（n）
10 for spending money to help make sure you save enough for things you 11 —like soap—before you buy fun things—like toys. Sally gave me her extra soap， which I 12 took.
When I returned home from 13 ， I decided to make my
14 budget. Every week I spent time 15 down everything I bought， and some weeks， I would have more in my “Money In” account because I did odd jobs （零活） around the house.
Budgeting was 16 ， especially when my friends bought soda and snacks at the store after school and I couldnt because I had spent all my “Want to Spend” money. But I 17 with it， and by the next summer， I had 18 enough money to buy a Paula Pilot doll at Omaha Airport， as well as 19 at the camp store to 20 back Sally！
1. A. rest B. trip C. flight D. stop
2. A. remembered B. wanted C. owned D. missed
3. A. learn B. bring C. buy D. do
4. A. Besides B. However C. Instead D. Anyhow
5. A. special B. expensive C. small D. common
6. A. catch B. raise C. hurt D. control
7. A. leaving B. buying C. sharing D. missing
8. A. warned B. told C. suggested D. reminded
9. A. thought B. described C. announced D. explained
10. A. plan B. idea C. example D. promise
11. A. lose B. gather C. need D. love
12. A. fortunately B. cautiously C. unhappily D. thankfully
13. A. school B. airport C. camp D. hospital
14. A. daily B. weekly C. monthly D. yearly
15. A. setting B. turning C. writing D. pulling
16. A. hard B. boring C. safe D. fresh
17. A. dealt B. began C. agreed D. stuck
18. A. received B. saved C. made D. borrowed
19. A. toys B. snacks C. soap D. soda
20. A. come B. call C. push D. pay
Throughout the history of the arts， the nature of creativity has remained constant （不变的） to artists. No matter what objects they select， artists are to bring forth new forces and forms that cause change—to find poetry where no one has ever seen or experienced it before.
Landscape is another unchanging element of art. It can be found from ancient times through the 17th-century Dutch painters to the 19th-century romanticists and impressionists. In the 1970s Alfred Leslie， one of the new American realists， continued this practice. Leslie sought out the same place where Thomas Cole， a romanticist， had produced paintings of the same scene a century and a half before. Unlike Cole who insists on a feeling of loneliness and the idea of finding peace in nature， Leslie paints what he actually sees. In his paintings， there is no particular change in emotions， and he includes ordinary things like the highway in the background. He also takes advantage of the latest developments of color photography to help both the eyes and the memory when he improves his painting back in his workroom.
Besides， all art begs the age-old question： What is real？ Each generation of artists has shown their understanding of reality in one form or another. The impressionists saw reality in brief emotional effects， the realists in everyday subjects and in forest scenes， and the Cro-Magnon cave people in their naturalistic drawings of the animals in the ancient forests. To sum up， understanding reality is a necessary struggle for artists of all periods.
Over thousands of years the function of the arts has remained relatively constant. Past or present， Eastern or Western， the arts are a basic part of our immediate experience. Many and different are the faces of art， and together they express the basic need and hope of human beings.
1. What does the underlined word “poetry” in Paragraph 1 mean？
A. An object for artistic creation. B. A collection of poems.
C. An unusual quality. D. A natural scene.
2. According to Paragraph 2， Leslies paintings ___ .
A. are close in style to works in ancient times
B. look like works by 19th-century painters
C. depend heavily on color photography
D. are about common things in life
3. What is the authors opinion of artistic reality？
A. It will not be found in future works of art.
B. It does not have a long-lasting standard.
C. It is expressed in a fixed artistic form.
D. It is rare in modern works of art.
4. What can we infer from the last paragraph about the arts？
A. They express peoples memories about the past.
B. They are considered important for variety in form.
C. They make people interested in everyday experience.
D. They are regarded as a mirror of the human life.
1 One of the best things you can possibly do is to start your own club. Its great fun especially if you are the sort of person who feels theres never anything to do during the school holidays.
The first thing you need to come up with is an idea for your club. 2 Pets， clothes， pop music or dancing groups， sports， making things？ The list is endless.
3 Thats easy. All you need is three or four other people who are interested in the same thing as you.
4 You should all sit down somewhere together with lots of pieces of paper and write down every name you can think up. Thatll keep you busy for ages.
At your first meeting you should make up a rule book. And the first rule should be no grown-ups or little/big brothers or sisters！ The best clubs are always secret！
Now you have just about everything you need， except membership cards. These are very important and again you can spend a lot of time making them. 5 Why not leave some space for a photo of yourself？ That will make the membership card really look like it.
So there you are， get clubbing！ Once you get started， youll think of loads of more interesting things to do！
A. Enjoy your own club！
B. What are you interested in？
C. Invite a designer to join you.
D. Summer vacation is just around the corner.
E. Then you need to pick a name for your club.
F. Use a bright thick pen to make a special design.
G. Next you need some friends to be in your club with you.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
powerful like observe paint tradition usual
aspect alive express artist adopt reality
1. Her hobbies include music and ____ birds and flowers.
2. Only in his dreams does he give ____ to his fears.
3. Although the lady is very old， she is still as ____ as young people.
4. Its ____ in America to eat turkey on Thanksgiving Day.
5. His dream has become a（n） ____ .
6. She and her friends have the same ____ and dislikes.
7. Its ____ for the trees to flower so early.
8. One had better see life in its various ____ when young.
9. She ____ that all the seats were already taken.
10. The museum had several paintings representing the ____ early style.
1. 我現在热衷于打篮球。（be crazy about）
2. 昨天他告诉我他厌倦了一直做同样的事。（be/get tired of）
3. 他还是个孩子的时候就喜欢画画。（be fond of）
4. 我们讨论了工作中的一系列问题。（a series of）
5. 由于天气糟糕， 我们最好将运动会延期举行。（put off）
Kites are invented in China 200 years ago. The earlier kites were made from wood. They were expensive. Kite flying began to spread among for the ordinary people only after paper invented and then kite making cost little. Weifang City is the birthplace of the kite. Now kite flying is more and more popularer here. Every spring people from all over the world comes to take part in the International Kite Festival. They will see beautiful kite fly in the sky. I believe you will enjoy themselves here. I hope youll go to the Festival every year.
Boys and girls，