welcome vt. 欢迎
replace vt. 代替;取代
found vt. 创立;建立
produce vt. 创作
headline n. （新闻报道等的）标题
photograph n. 照片
politics n. 政治
photographer n. 摄影师
universe n. 宇宙
sailor n. 船员;水手
capsule n. 太空舱
flight n. 飞行;班机
congratulation n. 祝贺
achievement n. 成就;功业;伟绩
astronomer n. 天文学家
fan n. （电影等的）迷
spaceship n. 宇宙飞船
telescope n. 望远镜
actor n. 演员
part n. 角色
politician n. 政治家
belief n. 信念;信条
evidence n. 证据
review n. 评论
delighted adj. 高兴的;快乐的
in space 在太空中
work for 为……效力;为……工作
take photographs of 拍摄照片
offer ones congratulations to... 向……致贺
take off 起飞
in total 总共
get out of 从……中出来
now that 既然
believe in 相信
be similar to 和……相似
indicate vt. 暗示;指出
pause vi. 停顿
item n. 项目
illustration n. 插图
article n. 文章
editor n. 编辑
journalist n. 新闻工作者
content n. 内容
Mongolia n. 蒙古
Premier n. 总理
aeronautics n. 航空学;飞行术
administration n. 管理;行政部门;管理部门
Secretary-General n. 秘书长
sense groups n. 意群
definition n. 释义
studio n. 摄影棚;录音室
tabloid n. （以轰动性报道为特点的）小报
absolutely adv. 绝对地;完全地
disbelief n. 不信;怀疑;疑惑
financial adj. 金融的
cultural adj. 文化的
原因状语从句（Adverbial Clause of Reason）
原因状语从句通常由以下连词引导：as，since，now that，because;区别because，since，as，now that的用法。
1. aboard adv. & prep. 在船（飞机、火车、公共汽
Little Tom and the sailors spent two months aboard.
We traveled aboard the same flight.
My brother has never been abroad before， so he is finding this trip very exciting.
He boarded the bus.
We must not take combustible goods aboard.
2. produce vt. 生产;出产;创作
The region produces over 60% of the countrys corns.
It is said that he produced a new TV series.
produce n. 产品
producer n. 生产商;制造商;制片人
production n. 生产;制造;产量;演出;制作
productive adj. 生产的;多产的;富有成效的
3. replace vt. 代替;取代
Teachers will never be replaced by computers.
All the old carpets need replacing.
replace A with B 用B替换A
Its not a good idea to miss meals and replace them with snacks.
replacement n. 替换;更换;替代品
replaceable adj. 可替换的;可代替的
4. found vt. 创建;创办（组织或机构，尤指提供資金）
They founded a college.
The town was founded by English settlers in 1790.
found sth on sth 把……基于;把……建立在
His theory is founded on facts.
5. flight n. 飞行;班机
He completed the flight in 25 hours and 50 minutes.
They booked the same flight.
in flight 飞行
take flight 逃走
in the first/top flight 名列前茅;佼佼者
put sb to flight 迫使逃窜
6. congratulation n. 祝贺
Please accept my congratulations.
Congratulations on your graduation！
offer sb congratulations 向某人祝贺
offer ones congratulations to sb 向某人祝贺
congratulate vt. 祝贺
congratulate sb （on sth） （因某事）向某人道贺
congratulate oneself （on sth）（因某事）感到自豪
7. belief n. 信念;信条
disbelief n. 不信;怀疑;疑惑
My belief is that Steven will become the last winner.
He stared at me in disbelief.
（1）have belief in sth/sb 对某事 / 某人有信心
They had no great belief in this kind of medicine.
（2）belief + that从句 相信……
She acted in the belief that she was doing good.
8. achievement n. 成就;功业;伟绩
Parents are always proud of their childrens achievements.
The invention of the television is a great achievement.
a sense of achievement 成就感
9. part n. 角色;部分;片段
He was very good in the part.
Part of the house was destroyed in the fire.
I hate being parted from these children.
take part in 参加;参与
in part 部分地;在某种程度上
for ones part 就……而言
for the most part 多半;通常
have/play a part in sth 参与某事
（a） part of ……的一部分
part by part 一部分一部分地
10. delighted adj. 高兴的;快乐的
I was delighted that you could stay.
I was delighted with the gift that I received.
（1）be delighted to do sth 乐意、高兴做某事
Id be delighted to be here.
（2）be delighted by/at/with ……让人很高兴
She was delighted by/at the news of the wedding.
delight vt. 使高兴;使愉快;使快乐
delightful adj. 令人愉快的;宜人的
with delight 高兴地
to the delight of sb 令某人高兴的是
take delight in sth/doing sth 以（做）……感到高兴
11. historical adj. 历史性的
This is a historical research that has never been carried out.
Lets look at this from a historical standpoint.
12. welcome vt. 欢迎（到达的人）;迎接
（1）vt. welcome sb （to sth） 欢迎某人（做某事）
They were at the door to welcome us.
It is a pleasure to welcome you to our home.
注意：Welcome to Chengdu！ 欢迎来到成都！
表示欢迎来到某地时，在welcome后接介词to，再接地点名词。因此，Welcome you to visit Chengdu！ 是错误的。
（2）adj. welcome to do sth 可随意做某事
Theyre welcome to stay here as long as they like.
a welcome guest 一个受欢迎的客人
a most welcome suggestion 一个极受欢迎的建议
a welcome rain 甘霖
The hostess gave us a warm welcome.
Her suggestion received a rather enthusiastic welcome.
13. in total 总共;合计
The repairs came to $100 in total.
There are only ten students in my class in total.
14. believe in 相信
believe in sb 信赖、信任某人
believe in sth 认为（做）某事好（或对、可接受）
Do you believe in angels？
I dont believe in hitting children.
believer n. 信徒
believable adj. 可相信的;可信任的
15. now that 既然
Now that we are alone， we can speak freely.
Now that the kids have left home， weve got a lot of extra space.
16. be similar to 和……相似
My teaching style is similar to that of most other teachers.
be similar in 在……方面相似
The two houses are similar in size.
Street Sense is a newspaper in Washington， D. C. about homeless people and issues （问题） that affect them. Homeless or formerly homeless Washingtonians write many of the articles. The newspapers business model is based on homeless vendors who sell the newspaper. You can hear them call out “Street Sense for sale” near subway entrances， lunch places and other areas around the city.
The Street Sense newspaper is housed in an office in a Christian church in Washington. Every other Wednesday about fourteen thousand copies are printed. The newspaper expresses the thoughts and experiences of people who call the streets home. Four staff members work at Street Sense. Two of them are paid. The staff members write the first two pages of the paper. Interns—students working as part of their studies—and volunteers help. Homeless writers provide the rest of the material. This includes poems， stories and essays.
Mary Otto is the editor of Street Sense. She came to the paper from the Washington Post newspaper. Mary Otto says severe mental disorders prevent many homeless people from seeking shelter. Such problems can also block them from having close relationships with other people.
Street Sense provides training to the homeless people who want to become part of the sales team. After the training， each student is given ten free copies of Street Sense. Once those are sold， trainees become real sales people. They buy papers for thirty-five cents each and sell them for a dollar.
She says the newspaper plays a part in homeless peoples lives which other media can not. “The mainstream media do not usually cover poverty （貧穷） or homelessness too much， unless someone dies or theres a big rally or something.”
1. What can we know about Street Sense from Paragraph 1？
A. It raises money for homeless people.
B. It is mainly read by homeless people.
C. It is written and edited by local writers.
D. It covers the issues of homeless people.
2. The underlined word “vendors” in Paragraph 1 refers to people who ___ .
A. sleep on the street
B. sell something along the street
C. write articles for the newspaper
D. help homeless people on the street
3. What prevent many homeless people from seeking shelter according to Mary Otto？
A. Lack of money. B. Mental problems.
C. Lack of knowledge. D. Physical disabilities.
4. What is Mary Ottos opinion of Street Sense？
A. It can do what other media can not.
B. It will take the place of other media.
C. It can help homeless people get rid of poverty.
D. It should pay more attention to homeless people.
Personal computers and Internet give people new choices about how to spend their time.
Some may use this freedom to share less time with certain friends or family members， but the new technology will also let them stay in closer touch with those they care most about. I know this from personal experience.
E?mail makes it easy to work at home， which is where I now spend most weekends and evenings. My working hours arent necessarily much shorter than they once were but I spend fewer of them at the office. This lets me share more time with my young daughter than I might have if shed been born before electronic mail became such a practical tool.
The Internet also makes it easy to share thoughts with a group of friends. Say you do something fun—see a great movie perhaps and there are four or five friends who might want to hear about it. If you call each one， you may tire of telling the story.
With e?mail， you just write one note about your experience， at your convenience， and address it to all the friends you think might be interested. They can read your message when they have time， and read only as they want to. They can reply at their convenience， and you can read what they have to say at your convenience.
E?mail is also an inexpensive way to stay in close touch with people who live far away. More than a few parents use e?mail to keep in touch， even daily touch， with their children at college.
We just have to keep in mind that computers and the Internet offer another way of staying in touch. They dont take the place of any of the ways.
5. Whats the purpose of the text？
A. To explain how to use the Internet.
B. To tell the value of the Internet.
C. To introduce basic knowledge about the Internet.
D. To describe the authors joy of keeping up with the Internet.
6. The use of e?mail has made it possible for the author to ___ .
A. work at home on weekends
B. spend more time at the office
C. work less than before
D. stay with his child more
7. According to the author， the obvious advantage of email over the telephone is that it helps the user to ___ .
A. pass on much more information
B. get in touch with the friends faster
C. keep the communication as personal as possible
D. reach a group of people at one time conveniently
8. What is the best title for the text？
A. Computers： Have Made Life Easier
B. Computers： New Technological Advances
C. Internet： New Tool to Maintain Good Friendship
D. Internet： A Convenient Tool for Communication
On a hot and dusty day， my friend Amy and I drove slowly to our friends house.
After two hours driving， we stopped before a parking lot and we coffee there. “Its my ，” I said， trying to find my in the back seat， but it wasnt there. I knew it could slip under a seat， so I searched around. But nothing was found. At last I that I had left my purse on the roof of the car in the parking lot of Dunkins Donuts. I panicked and was sure that my credit cards had already . But something told me to the Dunkins Donuts just in case.
“Oh， thank goodness，” the clerk said when I called， “We were going through your purse， trying to find a to get in touch with you. Someone found your purse in the parking lot and turned it in.” Refusing any kind of ， the shop owner mailed it to my home by express. It the next morning.
A few years later， on a snowy Minnesota winter night， my cars low gas light was blinking red and I knew I had to stop for some gas or would walking home. Before leaving the parking lot， I remembered my purse was in my pocket. But when I got home， it wasnt there. I again and again around the seats， but my purse didnt appear. Had I my purse again？ Knowing my good luck might not itself. I called the credit card company and my bank to my accounts. But the next morning， I got a call， “Is this Heidi Grosch？ We found your purse lying in the parking lot.” It seemed I had my car with my purse lost outside. Again， everything was there and the finder to accept any payment.
I will always thankful to those who are to return my purse.
1. A. reached B. offered C. ordered D. served
2. A. part B. bill C. drink D. treat
3. A. bag B. card C. purse D. phone
4. A. slowly B. easily C. carefully D. quietly
5. A. discovered B. remembered C. reported D. promised
6. A. gone B. hidden C. broken D. sunk
7. A. leave B. thank C. call D. beg
8. A. way B. place C. person D. chance
9. A. stopping B. standing C. moving D. lying
10. A. reward B. advice C. letter D. paper
11. A. parked B. arrived C. followed D. rested
12. A. enjoy B. prevent C. suggest D. risk
13. A. hardly B. ever C. still D. likely
14. A. walked B. searched C. drove D. looked
15. A. lost B. failed C. missed D. stolen
16. A. ring B. appear C. show D. repeat
17. A. buy B. throw C. freeze D. pay
18. A. closed B. passed C. checked D. returned
19. A. tried B. refused C. wished D. forgot
20. A. outgoing B. kind C. brave D. polite
Reading the newspapers is one way to get the information of the world.
Many people like to read the （late） newspaper， but few people know the reason it is produced so （quick）.
The most important man may be the chief editor who （decide） what to do. Every morning there are a number of journalists sent （report） the events. Sometimes they need a face-to-face interview with people do telephone interviews. Meanwhile， the picture editors send （photograph） to take the photos that they need. Later in the day， they pass the stories and the （develop） photos on to the chief editor. The chief editor will choose the most important news the front page. Other editors read the stories， make some necessary changes and write headlines for them. Only when all the processes （finish）， will the newspapers be printed and delivered to different places.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
The American newspaper has been around for about three hundred years. In 1721， the printer James Franklin， Benjamins elder brother， started The New England Courant， and that was what we might recognize today as a real newspaper. He filled his paper with stories of adventure， articles on art， on famous people， and on all sorts of political subjects.
Three centuries after the appearance of Franklins Courant， few believe that newspapers in their present printed form will remain alive for long. Newspaper companies are losing advertisers， readers， market value， and in some cases， their sense of purpose at a speed that would not have been imaginable just several years ago. The chief editor of The Times said recently， “At places where they gather， editors ask one another， ‘How are you？， as if they have just come out of the hospital or a lost law case.” An article about the newspaper appeared on the website of The Guandian， under the headline “NOT DEAD YET”.
Perhaps not， but the rise of the Internet， which has made the daily newspaper look slow and out of step with the world， has brought about a real sense of death. Some American newspapers have lost 42% of their market value in the past three years. The New York Times Company has seen its stock （股票） drop by 54% since the end of 2004， with much of the loss coming in the past year. A manager at Deutsche Bank suggested that stock-holders sell off their Times stock. The Washington Post Company has prevented the trouble only by changing part of its business to education; its testing and test-preparation service now brings in at least half the companys income.
1. What can we learn about The New England Courant？
A. It is mainly about the stock market.
B. It carries articles by political leaders.
C. It remains a successful newspaper in America.
D. It marks the beginning of the American newspaper.
2. We can infer the newspaper editors ___ .
A. care a lot about each other
B. often accept readers suggestions
C. stop doing business with advertisers
D. face great difficulties in their business
3. Which of the following found a new way for its development？
A. The Washington Post. B. The Guardian.
C. The New York Times. D. The New England Courant.
4. How does the author feel about the future of newspapers？
A. Satisfied. B. Surprised.
C. Worried. D. Hopeful.
France has the most beautiful castles throughout Europe. Here are some of the best French castles to visit. Youll surely want to visit one of them during your travels in France. Have a look and enjoy！
Ch?teau de Versailles
The Ch?teau de Versailles is about 20 kms southwest of Paris. When the castle was built， Versailles was a small village. Today， however， it is a famous area in Paris. The castle was built as a small hunting lodge （小屋） for Louis XIII in the 1620s. Years later， he made it bigger. Later， Louis XIV also made it larger， making it one of the largest palaces of the world.
Ch?teau de Chambord
The Ch?teau de Chambord is one of the largest castles around the world. It sits in the Loire Valley. Being at the heart of Europes largest enclosed wooded park， Chambord， it was built for King Francis I to serve as a hunting lodge. It is one of the worlds most well-known castles in the world because of its French Renaissance （文藝复兴） building.
Ch?teau de Chenonceau
As one of the most famous castles in the Loire Valley， the castle was built during the 11th century on the River Cher. It was passed through many hands. The castle was not destroyed during the French Revolution because it was the only bridge across the river for many miles.
Ch?teau de Chantilly
This historic castle sits in the town of Chantilly， France. This beautiful castle is made up of two buildings： the Petit Ch?teau built around 1560 for Anne de Montmorency， and the Grand Ch?teau which was destroyed during the French Revolution and rebuilt in the 1870s. There are many interesting pieces of 17th century history concerning the castle. Every two years a fireworks competition is held in the castle gardens.
5. What can we learn about the Ch?teau de Versailles？
A. It sits in the Loire Valley.
B. It was built for Louis XIII.
C. It serves as a hunting place now.
D. It was the largest castle in the 1620s.
6. What makes the Ch?teau de Chambord special？
A. Its history. B. Its building style.
C. Its owner. D. Its position.
7. Why could the Ch?teau de Chenonceau get through the French Revolution？
A. It was far from Paris.
B. It hid in the Loire Valley.
C. It played an important role of transportation.
D. It was built by a famous French king.
8. Which castle has a fireworks show every two years？
A. The Ch?teau de Versailles.
B. The Ch?teau de Chantilly.
C. The Ch?teau de Chambord.
D. The Ch?teau de Chenonceau.
Theres nothing worse than sitting next to someone whose breath smells bad. In ancient China， people used to eat a special plant to make their breath smell better. Now we use gum instead.
1 Scientists can now tell whether or not somebody has a disease just from a simple breath test.
2 Breath is made up of waste chemicals that the body makes. Scientists from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology found that these chemicals are different for each person. In fact， theyre just like fingerprints （指纹）—thats why scientists sometimes call them “breathprints”.
Compared to other kinds of tests， a breath test is much quicker. 3
Breath tests are also a lot easier to do than regular tests， as people only need to blow into a special machine. 4 It has been useful in finding early signs of problems such as stomach cancer.
5 And hopefully some day， visits to the hospital will be a lot quicker and easier for everyone.
A. How does it work？
B. This machine will help to test their breath.
C. Instead of taking hours， it only takes a few minutes.
D. How your breath smells says a lot about your health.
E. Its much easier to do a breath test than other tests.
F. There are many ways to make your breath smell better.
G. Now， scientists are trying to use breath tests as much as
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
A 22-year-old university student was in his fifth day， working part time. His 1 suddenly told him to 2 the shop from midnight to 9：00 am all by himself.
“I had no 3 but to obey，” said the student. He said he was 4 into working shifts （轮班） he didnt want and， as the person in 5 ， he had to deal with troublesome customers because no full-time regular workers were 6 at that time. His 7 is just the tip of the iceberg for student part-timers who are employed by employers related to 8 work practices. According to a survey， around 70 percent of the students in Japan said they felt they were sufferers from unfair
9 . While 34 percent said they were forced to work 10 shifts， nearly 25 percent said their employers 11 their shifts against their will. However， to stay 12 ， students today cant say no to such employers.
A lot of students who work part time are too 13 or sleepy to concentrate in class， and have to 14 all the other activities. One student said 15 he thought managing the total operation all on his own wasnt normal， he felt that he couldnt 16 it and didnt talk about it with anyone. Instead， he thought he should deal with the problem on his own.
Then one day he learned from the Internet that he was 17
by the law， so he could speak out against his employer if he was treated unlawfully. He also learned he was 18 to write down the details of his 19 conditions， such as how many hours he worked on his own， so that his notes could serve as 20 if he decided to take action.
1. A. parents B. manager C. customers D. teacher
2. A. close B. run C. keep D. own
3. A. choice B. hope C. cry D. doubt
4. A. persuaded B. forced C. cheated D. fooled
5. A. need B. action C. charge D. danger
6. A. busy B. friendly C. patient D. available
7. A. case B. lesson C. anger D. dream
8. A. regular B. complex C. illegal D. modern
9. A. competition B. treatment C. relationship D. payment
10. A. unbelievable B. uncomfortable C. nervous D. serious
11. A. explained B. stopped C. changed D. checked
12. A. safe B. calm C. educated D. employed
13. A. tired B. anxious C. excited D. hungry
14. A. turn off B. take in C. give up D. carry out
15. A. unless B. because C. once D. although
16. A. refuse B. achieve C. replace D. help
17. A. welcomed B. protected C. praised D. covered
18. A. sent B. allowed C. advised D. chosen
19. A. working B. living C. studying D. sleeping
20. A. reminders B. warning C. guides D. evidence
Seventeen is my favourite magazine. There are many things to learn from this magazine. Here are the sections I find most helpful： fashion， beauty， health， love life， and your life. These sections aid me in making decisions， because unfortunately Im very indecisive. This magazine tells girls how to deal with problems in their teenage years.
What inspires me most is the stories about the heroism shown by teenagers. They show me that no matter where you are， you can help others in trouble. I hope to be a hero to help many people in the future. Even if I dont get a huge spread of my picture in my favourite magazine， the satisfaction of helping others will be enough.
The freebies （免费赠品） are another reason why I enjoy it. Every month there is a calendar in the magazine that offers free prizes every day. All that is required to win them is to type the keyword in the form on the magazines website.
A funny aspect of Seventeen is the “Traumarama”. Readers share their shameful stories with other readers， and we all get a good laugh out of it. Its interesting that the entire world has a chance to read about your humiliation， which you considered painful before， but now youre in a place where you can laugh at it too.
Seventeen. com is the website of the magazine. I visit the site regularly， not only to read more articles， but to play the games. This website has some of the best Internet games out there.
To sum this whole thing up， Seventeen is my favourite magazine because it is inspiring and interesting.
1. The magazine Seventeen is mainly for ___ .
A. middle-aged men B. middle-aged women
C. young boys D. young girls
2. What encourages the author most in the magazine？
A. Some heroic stories. B. The free prizes every day.
C. The shameful stories. D. The games on the website.
3. What does the underlined word “humiliation” in Paragraph 4 mean？
A. Excitement. B. Worry.
C. Embarrassment. D. Interest.
4. What is the authors purpose in writing the text？
A. To advise us to buy Seventeen.
B. To encourage us to read Seventeen.
C. To tell us why she likes Seventeen.
D. To advise us to write articles for Seventeen.
Think back to the past 15 or 20 years. How did you get your news？ Chances are that you got it by either newspaper or magazine. Services like Facebook and Twitter control our lives—kids and adults alike use both services to get information about their favorite bands， celebrities， brands and even politicians.
New technologies make it easier than ever for anyone to make a website and start writing about whatever they want. But what about getting the hard facts？
Staffed by editors， reporters， printing personnel and advertising reps， these people make up the trusted institutions that have delivered the news to us for more than a century. And they hold themselves accountable for the news they produce. However， a tremor （小震動） has hit our society， threatening to throw off balance in the type of news we receive and how we get it.
Traditionally， newspapers have been the gatekeepers of information， and the people who decided the issues that were most critical to the public. In this day and age， all that is required is a Twitter hashtag （标签） to get thousands of people to stand together against corruption and greed.
Whether people realize it or not， we need newspapers. Theyve uncovered corruption， showed us miracles， helped bring about changes and helped protect those who have lacked the means to protect themselves.
The pen is truly mightier than the sword. We cant let it run out of ink.
A. That no longer holds true.
B. Your local newspaper is your answer.
C. Their job is reporting and producing the news.
D. But now the whole news landscape is different.
E. They keep us informed and they keep us honest.
F. Clearly the newspaper industry cannot save itself.
G. Newspapers have been the publics eyes and ears.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
flight welcome celebrity photograph fan culture
achieve complex found congratulation politics aboard
1. His dream is to be a professional ____ .
2. The weather seemed favorable for the ____ .
3. The passengers are all ____ the ship.
4. He gave Mary his ____ on her passing the exam.
5. Their marriage ____ on love and respect.
6. ____ is much more difficult than physics among my subjects.
7. We felt a sense of ____ when we reached the top of the mountain.
8. Crowds of movie ____ gathered together waiting for their idol to appear.
9. At that meeting， they ____ suggestions and bright ideas
10. In New Zealand， the Maori people maintain a strong ____ tradition.
1. 他给我打了个电话，告诉我他已经登机了。（give sb a call）
2. 我花了两天的时间拍摄这个地方的照片。（take photographs of）
3. 孩子们有时不理解他们父母相信的事情。（believe in）
4. 这家公司总共有75名员工。 （in total）
5. 他們的房子和我们的差不多， 但是我们的有一个更大的花园。（be similar to）
Some people learn new skills more quickly than others， but dont be too discouraged if some of your classmate seem to be learning English more quickly than you. If you keep practice， you will master English in end.
In the meantime， try to make English learning as fun as possibly. I suggest that you watch English language movies on your free time. I also suggest reading some English language magazines on topics that it interest you， and join in the fun and games at your schools English Corner. If your school didnt already have an English corner， I may think about starting one.
假如你校“英语角”正在开展以“Reading Newspapers Is a Good Habit”为题的征文比赛。请你写一篇短文参赛。内容包括：