Fractional Integral Operators with Variable Kernels Associate to Variable Exponents

2019-03-30 08:19ZHANGZhiming张志明ZHAOKai赵凯
应用数学 2019年2期

ZHANG Zhiming(张志明),ZHAO Kai(赵凯)

(School of Mathematics and Statistics,Qingdao University,Qingdao 266071,China)

Abstract: In this paper,by the atomic decomposition of the Hardy spaces with variable exponents,using the estimates of classical inequality and the properties of the variable exponents,we proved that the fractional integral operators with variable kernels associated to variable exponents are bounded from the Hardy spaces to Lebesgue spaces with variable exponents.

Key words: Fractional integral operator;Variable kernel;Variable exponent;Hardy space


The fractional integral operators should trace back to the middle of the last century.In 1955,Caldern and Zygmund[1]investigated theL2boundedness of singular integral operators with variable kernels.

LetSn−1denote the unit sphere in Rn.Suppose thatΩ ∈Lr(Sn−1) withis homogeneous of degree zero on Rn.The homogeneous fractional integral operatorTΩ,α,1<α

In 1971,Muckenhoupt and Wheeden[2]studied the weighted (Lp,Lq) boundedness ofTΩ,αfor power weight when 1

On the other hand,as we all know,Hardy spaces have been playing a central role in harmonic analysis.Here,we study the Hardy spaces with variable exponents which introduced by Nakai and Sawano[6].They established the atomic decomposition of Hardy spaces with variable exponents.Since then the Hardy spaces with variable exponents were discussed by many authors[7−8].In 2015,TAN and LIU[9]established some boundedness of homogeneous fractional integrals on some variable exponent function spaces.

In this paper,by using the atomic decomposition of the Hardy spaces with variable exponents,we discuss the boundedness of the fractional integral operators with variable kernels associated with variable exponents on the Hardy spaces.For convenience,in Section 2,we recall the definitions and some properties of the variable exponent and the Hardy spaces.We show some useful lemmas of variable exponents and prove the main result in Section 3.


In this section,we introduce the fractional integral operators with variable kernels,the Hardy spaces with variable exponents associated to variable exponents,and some properties of the variable exponent.

Definition 2.1Suppose thatSn−1is the unit sphere in Rn,anddσis the normalized Lebesgue measure inSn−1.A functionΩ(x,z) defined on Rn ×Rnis said to belong toL∞(Rn)×Lr(Sn−1),if it satisfies the following conditions:

TheLr-Dini condition forΩis as follows.

Definition 2.2Suppose thatWe say thatΩsatisfies theLr-Dini condition if the conditions 1)-3) of Definition 2.1 hold and

whereωr(δ) is defined by

whereρis a rotation in Rnand

We say thatΩsatisfies the strongerLr-Dini condition if (2.1) is replaced by

whereβis a positive constant.

The functionp(·) : Rn →(0,∞) is called the variable exponent and we adopt the standard notations in variable exponents.For a measurable subsetG ⊂Rn,we write

We abbreviatep−(Rn) andp+(Rn) top−andp+,respectively.P0(Rn) denotes the set of measurable functionp(·):Rn →(0,∞) that satisfies

LetP(Rn) denote the set of measurable functionp(·):Rn →(1,∞) such that

Definition 2.3Letp(·)∈P0(Rn).f ∈Lp(·)(Rn) if and only iffis a measurable function and∃λ ∈(0,∞) such that

Moreover,for any

B(Rn)denotes the set of measurable functionp(·)∈P(Rn)such that the Hardy-Littlewood maximal functionMis bounded onLp(·)(Rn).

Lemma 2.1[10]Suppose thatp(·)∈P(Rn).Set a measurable functionf:G×G →R,satisfying for almost everywherey ∈G,f(·,y)∈Lp(·)(G).Then

Lemma 2.2[6]x ∈Rn.Then for all measurable functionsfandg,there is

Because the variable spaces don’t have the translation invariance,we introduce the log-Hlder continuity condition.

Lemma 2.3[6]Ifp(·) satisfies the conditions

we say thatp(·) satisfies the log-Hlder continuity condition,denoted byp(·)∈LH(Rn).

Lemma 2.4[11]Letp(·)∈P(Rn)∩LH(Rn).Thenp(·)∈B(Rn).

We useQ=Q(x,r) to denote the cube which centered atx= (x1,x2,...,xn) with sidelengthr,and we also denoteχQas the characteristic functionQ.

Lemma 2.5[12]Letp(·)∈LH(Rn)∩P0(Rn),then

1) For every cubeQ,all

2) For every cubeQand

Lemma 2.6[13]Forp(·)∈B(Rn),define the adjointp′(x) withThen there exist positive constantsδ1,δ2satisfying 0<δ1,δ2<1,such that

for all ballsBin Rnand all measurable subsetsS ⊂B.

Definition 2.4Letf ∈S′(Rn) andψt(x) =t−nψ(t−1x),x ∈Rn.The grand maximal function is defined by

whereandNis a sufficient large integer.

The Hardy space with variable exponentp(·) is defined by


Definition 2.5[6]Letp(·) :Fix an integer= min{d ∈N∪{0}:p−(n+d+1)>n}.A functionaon Rnis called a(p(·),q)-atom if there exists a cubeQ,such that

The set of all such pairs (a,Q) will be denoted byA(p(·),q).

Definition 2.6[6]For sequences of nonnegative numbersand cubesdefine


The function spaceis the set of all functionsfsuch that it can be written in the form

whereis finite.One defines





Lemma 2.7[6]A trivial fact that can be deduced from the embeddingl∞is that

Lemma 2.8[6]LetFor sequences of nonnegative numbers∈A(p(·),q),there is

Lemma 2.9[6,9]Letp(·)∈P0(Rn)∩LH(Rn).ThenHp(·)(Rn)∩Lp++1(Rn) is dense inHp(·)(Rn).

Lemma 2.10[6]Letp(·)∈P0(Rn)∩LH(Rn).Then for allf ∈S′(Rn),

LetΩ(x,z)∈L∞(Rn)×Lr(Sn−1).The fractional integral operators with variable kernels associated to variable exponents is defined by

whereα(·) is a variable exponent satisfyingα(·)∈P(Rn) andα(·)∈LH(Rn).

3.Main Result

Before stating our main result,we should give some lemmas.

Lemma 3.1[8,14]Letα(·)∈P(Rn).Ifα(·) is log-Hlder continuous at the origin,then

Ifα(·) is log-Hlder continuous at the infinity,then


Lemma 3.2Letα(·)∈P(Rn),1<α(·)1,satisfies theLr-Dini condition.Suppose that a constantγ ∈(0,) and|y|<γR,whereRis a positive constant.Then,there exists a constantC >0 independent ofRandy,such that if

and if

ProofThe proof follows the idea of [3].We just prove the case forAnd the others are similar but easier.SinceandR<|x|<2R,we can easily get that|x −y|∼|x|.Thus,


Following Lemma 3.1,using Polar transformation and Jensen’s inequality,we obtain that

Using Polar transformation and the homogeneity ofΩ,we see that

whereJust as in [3],the inner integral is bounded by

whereandThen,similar to [3],we can have

Therefore,Lemma 3.2 is proved.

Lemma 3.3[15−16]Letα(·)∈P(Rn),α(·)∈LH(Rn).SupposeΩ ∈L∞(Rn)×Lr(Sn−1),satisfies theLr-Dini condition.Ifthen there exists a constantC >0 independent off,such that

Our main result is as follows.

Theorem 3.1Letα(·)∈P(Rn),α(·)∈LH(Rn).Supposeβ >0,andIfsatisfies the strongerLr-Dini condition,then there exists a constantC >0,such that

ProofSuppose thatq ≫1,which satisfies (2.3).For anyf ∈Hp(·)(Rn)∩Lp++1(Rn),applying Lemma 2.9 and (2.2),we obtain that there exist sequences of nonnegative numbersand cubessuch that


where everyajis a (p(·),q)-atom.

Thus,we only need to prove that

In fact,if (3.1) holds,then Lemma 2.8 and Lemma 2.7 tell us

Ass√ume thatais a (p(·),q)-atom,supported in the cubeQ(cQ,d).We denoteThus,

To estimate J1,since 1<α(·)

Ifsimilarly,one can obtain

To estimate J2,by the vanishing of atom and Lemma 2.1,we have


We will consider three cases forRj:and∞.It means thatand1

We just consider J22and the others are similar.SincesupposeandsatisfyApplying Lemma 2.2 and Lemma 3.2,we obtain that

We denoteAccording to the definition of Luxemburg norm in Lebesgue space with variable exponents,it is easy to see thatFollowing Lemma 2.5,if|Bj|<1,then

wherexcjis the center ofBj.

And ifthen



Choosing suitableθ,such thatthenθp−>1 andθp(·)∈B(R).Therefore,by Lemma 2.6 ,the following estimate holds.

Hence,noting thatnθ −n −1<0 andnθ −n −β <0,together with three cases,we can obtain

Thus,(3.1) is proved.And then,the proof of Theorem 3.1 is completed.